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Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) Canada

PNP stands for the Provincial Nominee Program initiated by the Canadian provincial government. It provides a pathway to immigration to Canada. Provincial nominee program allows the different provinces across Canada to select immigrants depending upon their skills, education and work experience appropriate for their economy and labour market needs. A person who wants to become a permanent resident of Canada can apply to different provincial programs as per their respective requirements. 

How to apply for the Provincial Nominee Program?

The steps to apply for the Provincial Nominee Program of a respective province in Canada are listed below: 

  1. Firstly, you will have to create an Express Entry profile. Post that, you will be able to select the provinces that you’re interested in applying for the PNP.
  2. The second step is to apply to the specific streams.

A stream is nothing but the categorization of different types of PNP categories. For example, if a person has done post-graduation from Canada, there will be a different stream for him. Likewise, if a candidate is a skilled worker, let’s say, a software developer or a lawyer, there will be a separate stream for him. This is how a Canadian province shortlists and nominates a candidate for permanent residence. 

An important point to note here is that the provinces open the window to apply for immigration only for a few hours, and there is no notification in advance, so you have to keep an eye on their websites and be proactive as the nominee programs run on a first-come, first-served basis. 

  1. The third step is to get an invitation to apply for permanent residence. After receiving an invitation, you get 60 days to fill your application form in order to qualify for immigration to a particular province.

If nominated by a province, you will need to provide all the documents, such as your experience letter, the ECA (Education Credential Assessment), PPC (Police Clearance Certificate) and IELTS ( International English Language Testing System) result. For every province, there will be different eligibility criteria that ask you to acquire some CLB level in the IELTS exam.

Express Entry vs PNP. Which one is better to secure a Canadian Permanent Residence? 

For immigrants, this is the most common question asked. The Express Entry system is run by the government of Canada whereas the Provincial Nominee Program is run by the provincial government and each province has its own criteria when it comes to selection.

The Express Entry program which is monitored by the Canadian government is designed to meet the shortage of skilled workers across Canada. However, if a specific province faces labour shortages, the provincial nominee program comes into play and the province selects foreign workers who meet the targeted occupations. A newcomer should note that the province of Quebec has its own immigration program which is completely different from the Provincial Nominee Programs. Quebec has its own set of rules and regulations to select newcomers for permanent residency. Further, when it comes to territories, out of three, only two participants in the PNP program, with Nunavut being an exception.

Also, the CRS cut- off score for Express Entry is always higher. So, for immigrants with low CRS scores, the provincial nominee programs offer a good platform to help them become permanent residents. So, if a foreign worker wants to immigrate to Canada, Provincial Nominee programs provide an easier route to permanent residency as compared to the Express Entry system.  

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) Canada

 

The key benefits of the PNP for Canadian Immigration: 

  1. The first advantage of the Provincial Nominee program is that it is one of the easiest processes to immigrate to Canada as you don’t need high CRS Scores.  Even if you have a CRS score around 400 and you are meeting all the eligibility criteria for the PNP of a particular Canadian province, your profile will be selected. Thus, it is easier to obtain permanent residency through PNP because as soon as you get the nomination from a province, you get 600 CRS points, which ultimately increases your overall CRS score. This is one of the biggest benefits of the nominee programs.
  2. Another advantage is that, if you are moving to a big city like Toronto, Vancouver there’ll be a lot of competition for jobs, but when you are moving to a province like Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, there will be less job competition. Therefore, the chances are that you will get a job quickly compared to cities like Toronto and Vancouver.
  3. Next benefit, if you’re moving to a province, the cost of living will be low, the money you will be spending on grain, groceries, transportation will be less as compared to what you will be spending in Toronto or big cities like Vancouver.

The disadvantages of the PNP for Canadian Immigration:

  1. In the PNP ( Provincial Nominee Program), the most important requirement by the province is that if they’re giving you 600 points, they expect you to live in that Canadian province for at least two years. So, there’s a contract that you need to sign. Whereas in the Express Entry, you are free to go and immigrate to any part of the country.
  2. Provincial Nominee Programs require more processing times than the Express Entry System. Each province has different rules and requirements which make the application process slow.
  3. Express Entry doesn’t require you to have a job offer, whereas, in PNP, there are some provinces that require a job offer in order to nominate candidates because each province has different selection criteria. 

Which is the best Provincial Nominee Program to get Canadian Permanent Residence?

There are different provincial nominee programs that invite the applicants and nominate them as per their labour market requirements. However, the most popular nominee programs among new immigrants are given below:

  1. Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
  2. British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP)
  3. Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
  4. Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)

List of different Provincial Nominee Programs for Immigrants:

  • Nova Scotia PNP
  • Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
  • New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program
  • Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
  • Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
  • British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BCPNP)
  • Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)
  • Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
  • Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
  • Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)

The Provincial Nominee Programs come as a blessing to new immigrants who did not get an opportunity to apply for Canadian permanent residence through the Express Entry System. These programs are designed by the province or territory to help candidates move to Canada. And in turn, the Canadian provinces can meet the labour market needs with the help of new immigrants and skilled workers.

Immig Toronto, in association with a registered member of ICCRC, Jean Toews RCIC license number R507061, is always at your service to assist you on your way to living the Canadian dream. Our Canada visa experts will guide you at every step of your visa process. Please email us at [email protected] or call 1-833-789-1845 to know more.

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